Mosquitoes are pervasive insects. Depending on the species, they breed in all types of water from heavily polluted to clean water and from small collections of water in tin cans to pools, ponds or streams.
Mosquitoes not only cause nuisance by their bites but also transmit serious human diseases like:
- Japanese Encephalitis, etc.
IVM involves minimizing larval breeding sites by sealing drains, removing receptacles that accumulate water and ensuring that water does not stagnate near the building. Where these physical measures are not possible, larvicides are applied regularly to keep check on the development of mosquito larvae into adult stage.
To control adult mosquitoes that enter the houses or commercial premises, use of indoor residual sprays (IRS) is done by spraying on the walls. Alternatively, space sprays such as thermal fogging or ULV applications can also be done to rapidly reduce adult mosquito populations indoors or outdoors.